top of page
  • Susie S

Mobile Network Evolution from 1G to 5G

Updated: Aug 16, 2023

Mobile Network Evolution

Mobile Networks have evolved significantly over the past few decades, with each new generation offering faster speeds, lower latency, and new capabilities.

An overview of the evolution of Mobile Networks from 1G to 5G:

1G (First Generation): 1G, or the first generation of Mobile Networks, was introduced in the 1980s. It primarily supported analogue voice communication and was quite basic compared to modern standards. Users could make voice calls, but no data services or internet connectivity were available on these networks.

2G (Second Generation): 2G was introduced in the early 1990s and significantly improved over 1G. It introduced digital voice communication, which improved call quality and allowed for some basic data services like text messaging (SMS). However, internet access was still limited.

3G (Third Generation): 3G emerged in the early 2000s and brought substantial improvements in mobile communications. It enabled faster data transfer rates, making accessing the internet on mobile devices possible. With 3G, users could browse the web, send emails, and use more advanced data-based applications.

4G (Fourth Generation): 4G, rolled out in the late 2000s, represented a major leap in mobile technology. It provided even faster data speeds and lower latency, making streaming high-definition videos, online gaming, and video conferencing smoother and more reliable.

5G (Fifth Generation): 5G is the latest and most advanced mobile network technology, first introduced in the 2010s. It offers significantly faster data transfer rates, reduced latency, and increased network capacity. 5G enables revolutionary technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT), augmented reality (AR), virtual reality (VR), and ultra-high-definition video streaming. It is designed to handle many connected devices and support advanced applications that require near-instantaneous data transmission.

In summary, the evolution of Mobile Networks from 1G to 5G has seen vast improvements in data speed, call quality, and the ability to support a wide range of data-intensive applications and services, transforming how we communicate and use mobile devices.

Many countries are accelerating their 5G infrastructure investment, and we have recently heard President Biden talk about the infrastructure plan and his goals to invest heavily in the expansion of 5G.

Mobile Network Evolution from 1g to 5G

How have speeds changed from 2G to 5G, and how does that affect how you use your smartphones?

Regarding data transfer speeds, 5G is faster than 4G, which is faster than 3G, and so on. Each generation of Mobile Networks has seen significant improvements in data speeds, leading to faster and more efficient communication.

Here's a general comparison of the data transfer speeds for each generation:

  1. 2G: Data speeds were typically in the range of kilobits per second (Kbps). It provided basic data services like text messaging (SMS) and limited internet access.

  2. 3G: Data speeds improved to the range of megabits per second (Mbps). It allowed for better internet browsing, email access, and basic video streaming.

  3. 4G: Data speeds increased further to the range of tens of megabits per second (Mbps) to hundreds of megabits per second (Mbps). This enabled seamless HD video streaming, online gaming, and faster downloads/uploads.

  4. 5G: Data speeds in 5G Networks can range from hundreds of megabits per second (Mbps) to multiple gigabits per second (Gbps). 5G's ultra-fast speeds enable applications like 8K video streaming, real-time virtual and augmented reality experiences, and super-fast downloads of large files.

It's important to note that while 5G is much faster than its predecessors, its performance can vary based on factors like network infrastructure, location, and the number of connected devices. Nonetheless, 5G represents a significant advancement in mobile network technology, promising to revolutionise various industries and enhance user experiences.

ViserMark Mobile Neywork Evolution 1G, 2G,3G, 4G, 5G

The above diagram shows examples of the difference in downloading the same film on different technologies.

We have selected for this example downloading ET the movie, which is a 1-hour and 45 minutes film. Using 3G will take an astonishing 12 hours, like a flight from London, UK, to Singapore.

On 4G, it will be long enough to make a cup of tea and prepare the snacks, but 5G will take as long as a blink of an eye. The download speeds are based on optimum network conditions, and results may vary depending on the areas and networks.

ViserMark Mobile Neywork speed 3G, 4G, 5G

What is next in Mobile Networks evolution?

6G (Sixth Generation)

The sixth generation of Mobile Networks, also known as 6G, is still in development but is expected to be introduced in the early 2030s. 6G Networks are expected to offer data rates of up to 1 terabit per second (Tbps), which is 100 times faster than 5G networks. 6G Networks are also expected to be more reliable and secure than 5G Networks. They are expected to be used for many applications, including ultra-high-definition video streaming, virtual reality, augmented reality, and self-driving cars.

The evolution of Mobile Networks has been driven by the demand for faster data speeds and more reliable connectivity. As new applications and technologies emerge, the demand for even faster and more reliable networks will continue to grow.


Here are some of the key conclusions from the evolution of Mobile Networks from 1G to 5G:

  • Mobile Networks have become increasingly faster, more reliable, and more capable.

  • The demand for mobile data has grown exponentially, driving the need for faster and more reliable networks.

  • New technologies, such as 5G and 6G, are on their way to revolutionise how we use Mobile Networks.

  • The future of Mobile Networks is bright, with the potential to enable a wide range of new applications and services.


SmartViser Susie Siouti Chief Commercial Officer

Susie Siouti is the Chief Commercial Officer for SmartViser, helping organisations in the Telecommunications industry offer superior end-user quality of experience and service by introducing innovative test automation products. Susie has 20 years of experience in the Telecoms industry and, in that time, has led teams across the world, mainly in Testing and Compliance.

Holding an MBA from Henley Business School brings diverse skills and expertise, including business acumen, strategic thinking, financial management, sales and marketing expertise, leadership, and innovation.

Susie joined SmartViser in 2016 and is part of the internal steering committee responsible for developing and implementing the company's commercial strategy and encouraging a customer-centric culture. The main mission is to help organizations to create value by offering better quality products and services by improving operational efficiency and innovation.


Never miss out on our FREE Smartphone Reviews.

Simply add your email below to sign-up for our monthly newsletter providing you with all the latest mobile phones that ViserMark have tried and tested. No pressure, you can unsubscribe at any time, and we promise not to fill up your inbox.

1,713 views0 comments


Rated 0 out of 5 stars.
No ratings yet

Add a rating
bottom of page